美高梅官方注册:0九年同等学力申硕罗马尼亚语阅读突破训练4

  Passage seven(Stricter Traffic Law can Prevent Accidents)

  From the health point of view we are living in a marvelous age. We
are immunized from birth against many of the most dangerous diseases. A
large number of once fatal illnesses can now be cured by modern drugs
and surgery. It is almost certain that one day remedies will be found
for the most stubborn remaining diseases. The expectation of life has
increased enormously. But though the possibility of living a long and
happy life is greater than ever before, every day we witness the
incredible slaughter of men, women and children on the roads. Man versus
the motor-car ! It is a never-ending battle which man is losing.
Thousands of people the world over are killed or horribly killed each
year and we are quietly sitting back and letting it happen。

  It has been rightly said that when a man is sitting behind a
steering wheel, his car becomes the extension of his personality. There
is no doubt that the motor-car often brings out a man’s very worst
qualities. People who are normally quiet and pleasant may become
unrecognizable when they are behind a steering-wheel. They swear, they
are ill-mannered and aggressive, willful as two-years-olds and utterly
selfish. All their hidden frustrations, disappointments and jealousies
seem to be brought to the surface by the act of driving。

  The surprising thing is that society smiles so benignly on the
motorist and seems to condone his behaviour. Everything is done for his
convenience. Cities are allowed to become almost uninhabitable because
of heavy tragic; towns are made ugly by huge car parks; the countryside
is desecrated by road networks; and the mass annual slaughter becomes
nothing more than a statistic, to be conveniently forgotten。

  It is high time a world code were created to reduce this senseless
waste of human life. With regard to driving, the laws of some countries
are notoriously lax and even the strictest are not strict enough. A code
which was universally accepted could only have a dramatically beneficial
effect on the accident rate. Here are a few examples of some the things
that might be done. The driving test should be standardized and made far
more difficult than it is; all the drivers should be made to take a test
every three years or so; the age at which young people are allowed to
drive any vehicle should be raised to at least 21; all vehicles should
be put through stringent annual tests for safety. Even the smallest
amount of alcohol in the blood can impair a person’s driving ability.
Present drinking and driving laws (where they exist) should be mad much
stricter. Maximum and minimum speed limits should be imposed on all
roads. Governments should lay down safety specifications for
manufacturers, as has been done in the USA. All advertising stressing
power and performance should be banned. These measures may sound
inordinately harsh. But surely nothing should be considered as to severe
if tit results in reducing the annual toll of human life. After all, the
world is for human beings, not motor-cars。

  1.       The main idea of this passage is

  [A] Traffic accidents are mainly caused by motorists。

  [B] Thousands of people the world over are killed each year。

  [C] The laws of some countries about driving are too lax。

  [D] Only stricter traffic laws can prevent accidents。

  2.       What does the author think of society toward motorists?

  [A] Society smiles on the motorists。

  [B] Huge car parks are built in the cities and towns。

  [C] Victims of accidents are nothing。

  [D] Society condones their rude driving。

  3.       Why does the author say:’ his car becomes the extension of
his personality?’

  [A] Driving can show his real self。

  [B] Driving can show the other part of his personality。

  [C] Driving can bring out his character。

  [D] His car embodies his temper。

  4.       Which of the followings is NOT mentioned as a way against
traffic accidents?

  [A] Build more highways。

  [B] Stricter driving tests。

  [C] Test drivers every three years。

  [D] raise age limit and lay down safety specifications。

  5.       The attitude of the author is

  [A] ironical

  [B] critical

  [C] appealing

  [D] militant

  Vocabulary

  1.       immunise          使免疫,使免除

  2.       expectation of life = life expectancy        平均寿命

  3.       versus = against     对顶,反对

  4.       mutilate            伤害

  5.       wilful               任性的,固执的

  6.       benign              宽厚的,仁慈的

  7.       condone           宽容

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